Deputy Minister: Hon. Silvia Makgone
Permanent Secretary: Mr. Alfred Ilukena
Deputy Permanent Secretary: Mr Hannu Shipena
When Namibia became independent on 21 March 1990, education in the country was best characterised by a number of features as follows:
1. fragmentation of education along racial and ethnic lines;
2. unequal access to education and training at all levels of the education system;
3. inefficiency in terms of low progression and achievement rates, and high wastage rates;
4. irrelevance of the curriculum and teacher education programmes to the needs and aspirations of individuals and the nation; and
5. lack of democratic participation within the education and training system.
Teachers, parents, administrators and workers were largely excluded from the decision-making process in education. There was also an extremely unequal financial resource allocation in education based on the eleven ethnic authority systems which were operational before independence. Soon after independence one unified education system was created to provide education to the Namibian nation on an equitable basis.